Spanish Colonial American
Espada Ancha
Common Sword

Spanish Colonial American Espada Ancha commonly found in the territories of New Spain (the southwestern United States and Mexico). These were used by various Spanish military units - assigned to the various presidios - and by local rancheros. This particular example was found near Roswell, New Mexico and is a-typical of the standard espada ancha. Whereas normally these swould have broad multi-fullered blades - common circa 1700 to early 1900 - this one has a shortened rapier-style blade without fullers - common circa 1700 to early 1800s. This sword will probably date from 1750 to about 1850. Overall length is ~29-3/4" and construction is entirely of iron.

Hilt is ~4-1/4" in length and made entirely of iron. D-shaped knuckle bow (guard), single forward-swept upper quillon; grip is octagonal in shape and blade tang is peened onto pommel; very simple turned-down clam-shell guard.

Blade is double-edged rapier or small-sword style, unfullered, measuring ~25-1/2" in length.

Scabbards were usually of leather and almost none are found on the collector market.

Spanish Colonial American Espada Anchas or Common Swords
Images of Other Examples
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