Knights Templar (Masonic)
This sword is a representative example of a Knights Templar society or lodge sword; Knights Templar, is "a Christian-oriented fraternal organization and an integral part of the Masonic Fraternity."
The most distinctive feature on this sword is the "cross" on the black-enameled grip. It also has a "knight's-head" on the pommel; three-point cross-guard finials; knight's-head is displayed in the center of the cross-guard. The grips are usually wood and painted with black enamel; however, they can also be found made of ivory or white celluloid (French Ivory). The metal parts are usually cast and nickel-plated.
Many times the Latin words, "In Hoc Signo Vinces" ("With This Sign [Cross] You Will Conquer") will be on the blade or scabbard.
These swords are very ornate in appearance and were not intended for combat.
Fraternal, Lodge, or Society swords are relatively inexpensive to own and are fun to collect.
There are seemingly infinite variations and I have owned many.
Most are marked - usually Ames, Henderson-Ames, Lilley, or Pettibone - and are found in infinite degrees of condition.